When a Missouri Supreme Court ruling invalidated some vehicle taxes in cities and counties, local government officials turned first to the legislature to reinstate an important source of revenue. When that failed, some local officials put the issue on the ballot.
But voters rejected the "use taxes" in two-thirds of the Missouri cities and counties that placed them on the November ballot, according to figures supplied by local government associations. Two losing proposals were in St. Joseph and Pleasant Hill, where 77 percent of voters said no.
The mixed results aren't likely to end the matter. More local governments are expected to refer local use tax proposals to their voters next spring.
In the meantime, some cities and counties may have to trim expenses because they will no longer be receiving tax revenue they once had counted upon.
"It's not going to be something that's going to bankrupt them or put them in severe revenue shortfalls," said Richard Sheets, deputy director of the Missouri Municipal League. "But something is not going to be done. Medium- or small-sized cities, they may not be able to hire a police officer, or they may have to wait longer to patch potholes."
The concerns stem from a Jan. 31 decision by the Missouri Supreme Court, which ruled that Greene County, which includes Springfield, could not charge a local sales tax on a man who bought a boat, motor and trailer from a dealer in Maryland.
The court drew a distinction between sales taxes, which are collected from in-state retailers, and use taxes, which are levied on products used in Missouri but bought either from an out-of-state retailer or from an individual who does not run a business.
Although the state use tax could be imposed on the boat and its accessories, the court ruled that Greene County could not tax them because they were not covered by the local sales tax and county voters had not approved a local use tax.
Concerned about the financial hit to local governments and auto dealers, the legislature passed a bill in May that would have undone the Supreme Court ruling and retroactively reinstated local sales taxes on vehicles.
But Gov. Jay Nixon vetoed the bill, saying counties and cities should have a voter-approved local use tax if they want to tax vehicles bought from anywhere besides a Missouri dealership.
Heading into the Nov. 6 elections, 41 of Missouri's 114 counties and more than 90 of its roughly 950 municipalities had local use taxes.
Local use taxes were approved this month in Adair and Saline counties, as well as the cities of Huntsville, Kirksville, Moberly and New Cambria.
But voters rejected local use taxes in far more places.
Officials offered a variety of reasons.
"It's a difficult tax to understand. It's a tough time to be talking about a tax to voters. There were a lot of things on the ballot," said Dick Burke, executive director of the Missouri Association of Counties.
Before the Supreme Court decision, Buchanan County had collected about $250,000 annually and St. Joseph about $450,000 annually from taxes on out-of-state vehicle sales. But voters in both jurisdictions rejected local uses tax proposals by 59 percent of the vote. City officials had said the revenues would have gone to street repairs and public safety projects, such as facilities and equipment for police and fire departments.
Despite the recent losses, some officials expect better success in the future.
"I think the message is starting to resonate with people," Burke said. "This is the new economy we're living in now. Our current tax structure of sales taxes in this Internet day and age just isn't sufficient."